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Genetic Animals' cows come in millions of variations with an incalculable number of horn variations. When fully grown, cows can be bred with wheat or hay bales. Cows are pregnant for 2 minecraft days by default and only have 1 calf at a time. After the calf is born cows will produce up to 5 buckets of milk per day. As the milk replenishes you can see the udder grow in size and as it is emptied it will shrink. If a cow is not milked it will stop making milk and go dry. Cows can be equipped with collars, bridles, saddles, carpets, and chests. Cows are slower than horses and can not jump well. Cows will also follow a carrot on a stick while being ridden.

Wild wolves will hunt and kill calves.




Biome Variations:



Temperate Biomes:

Cows found in temperate biomes are very likely to have spots, short ears and no hump.

Hot Biomes:

Cows found in hot biomes are very likely to have longer ears, humped backs, and shorter smooth fur to improve survival in the heat. In upcoming versions cows with heat adaptations will spend less time cooling off from the heat and more time grazing.

Mushroom biomes:

Cows found in mushroom biomes will be red mooshrooms. If struck with lightning, they will turn into a brown mooshroom. Brown mooshrooms can also rarely occur (1 out of 1024) from breeding two red mooshrooms. Mooshrooms follow the same genetics as cows but with a slightly different appearance and behavior. They will have either red or brown coloring and mushrooms protruding from their body as they grow. Mooshrooms also happily graze on mycelium and mushrooms but can also graze on grass. Using a bowl, red mooshrooms can be milked for mushroom stew and brown mooshrooms can be milked for suspicious stew.

Flower biomes:

Genetic Mooblooms.png

If you have a mod installed that adds mooblooms, genetic animals will instead spawn their genetic variant if it is enabled in the config. Once enabled, and with replace set to true, you should be able to use the moobloom mod's spawn eggs to spawn genetic animal mooblooms or find them in the wild. Mooblooms typically spawn in flowery biomes such as sunflower plains and flower forests. Mooblooms come in shades of yellow and green, and have flowers protruding from their body.

Cow Genetics


Extension (E):

Extension, also known as MCR1, is a gene that controls melanin production and distribution. Mutations of this gene can cause cows to over produce melanin turning them black or under produce melanin turning them red. Mutations of this gene is common and you will see it mentioned a lot in color genetics.

Dominant Black (ED):

Dominant Black is the most dominant allele on the Extension locus, if a cow has this allele they will always show it.

Valid Combinations to express this phenotype: ED/ED, ED/EBR, ED/E+, ED/e

Black/red (EBR):

Black Red is a dominant allele of extension. If a cow has this allele but not Dominant Black they will be born as a red calf and turn solid black as they mature.

Valid Combinations to express this phenotype: EBR/EBR, EBR/E+, EBR/e

Wildtype Extension (E+):

Wildtype is the natural color found in wild and primitive cattle. It is most notably the allele seen in the extinct wild eurasian arouch. Calves are born red and as they mature the bulls will turn black while the cows will still be red with a dark face, dark legs and a dark tail.

Valid Combinations to express this phenotype: E+/E+, E+/e

Red (e):

Red is the most recessive gene of the Extension locus. A cow must be homozygous (having two matching copies) for the Red allele to express this phenotype.

Valid Combinations to express this phenotype: e/e


Agouti (A):

Agouti, also known as ASIP, Causes a lot of the variations you see in mammal coat patterns. Mutations of this gene is common and you will see it mentioned a lot in color genetics. Agouti patterns are only visible when a cow is also E+/E+ or E+/e.

Brindle (ABr):

Brindle is the most dominant allele on the Agouti locus, if a cow has this allele they will always show it so long as they can make black and red pigment with the E+ allele.

Valid Combinations to express this phenotype: E+/E+, E+/e AND ABr/ABr, ABr/Abp, ABr/A+, ABr/aw, ABr/af, ABr/a

Patterned Blackish (ABp):

Patterned Blackish, also called Dark Agouti, is a darker variation of the wild type agouti, cows are black or nearly black while bulls are solid black patterned. Calves are born red. If a cow has this allele they will always show it so long as they do not have the Brindle allele and can make black and red pigment with the E+ allele.

Valid Combinations to express this phenotype: E+/E+, E+/e AND Abp/Abp, Abp/A+, Abp/aw, Abp/af, Abp/a

Wildtype Agouti (A+):

Wildtype Agouti is the pattern found in extinct wild eurasian arouch. Cows are red with black points while bulls are solid or nearly solid black. Calves are born red.

Valid Combinations to express this phenotype: E+/E+, E+/e AND A+/A+, A+/aw, A+/af, A+/a

White-Bellied Agouti (aw):

White-Bellied Agouti is a pattern that reduces some red pigment and effects black pigment to a lesser degree and smooths out the whole pattern, bulls are generally darker patterned than cows. Calves are born a light red.

Valid Combinations to express this phenotype: E+/E+, E+/e AND aw/aw, aw/af, aw/a

Fawn (af):

Fawn is a pattern that restricts most of the black pigment when compared to Wildtype Agouti. Calves are born a light red and mature into either a red cow with black on her nose, eyes, hooves and tail-tip or a bull with a black pointed cow similar to whats seen in Wildtype Agouti female cows.

Valid Combinations to express this phenotype: E+/E+, E+/e AND af/af, aw/a

Recessive Black (a):

Recessive black is a very rare allele of agouti in cows. If a cow is homozygous (has two matching copies) and they can make black and red pigment with the E+ allele, they will be solid black from birth to adulthood. It is in all ways indistinguishable from Dominant Black so despite being very rare it is not particularly exciting.

Valid Combinations to express this phenotype: E+/E+, E+/e AND a/a


Dun (Dn):

Dun removes red pigment with a reduced effect on black pigment. With two copies cattle are white and with black or dark grey markings, with one copy cattle are a washed out light red with black markings.

Dun (Dn):

A bull or cow homozygous for Dun has a white base with little to no trace of red fur with black or dark grey markings if they have them. Calves are often white with red shading on their topline.

Valid Combinations to express this phenotype: Dn/Dn

A bull or cow heterozygous for Dun will be a very light red to fawn color with any black markings they may have. Calves will be redder than than the adults with most of their red on their topline.

Valid Combinations to express this phenotype: Dn/dn+

Wildtype (dn+):

Cattle with only the wildtype are not dun because they do not have the alleles to express the dun phenotype.

Valid Combinations to express this phenotype: dn+/dn+


Dilute (D):

Dilute, also called the PMEL17 gene or SILV, has two alleles that dilute both black and red pigment.

Charolais Dilution (DC):

A bull or cow homozygous for Charolais Dilute is solid white or at the least nearly solid white with little effect on nose leather color. Dilute has a reduced effect on calves.

Valid Combinations to express this phenotype: DC/DC, DC/DS

A bull or cow heterozygous for Charolais Dilute will be a shade of light red or cream with light markings of dark grey or brown . Solid black cattle will be a light grey.

Valid Combinations to express this phenotype: DC/d+

Simmental Dilution (DS):

Simmental Dilution is also known as the Highland or Galloway Dilution and sometimes is given the symbol Dh. This dilution is a light red/yellow or light grey/brown when homozygous. Cattle with red and black patterning should be a light red with brownish grey markings. Dilute has less effect on calves.

Valid Combinations to express this phenotype: DS/DS

A bull or cow heterozygous for Simmental Dilution will turn a red coat into a lighter red or yellow color, any black markings or coat will instead be a brown or dark grey. Dilute has less effect on calves.

Valid Combinations to express this phenotype: DS/dn+

Wildtype (d+):

Cattle with only the wildtype are not dilute because they do not have the alleles to express the dun phenotype.

Valid Combinations to express this phenotype: dn+/dn+


Chocolate (Choc):

Chocolate, also called Dun or Dexter Dun, Has little to no effect on red pigment but turns black to a shade of chocolate brown.

Wildtype (Choc+):

Cattle with only the wildtype are not chocolate because they can make full black pigment even with just one allele.

Valid Combinations to express this phenotype: Choc+/Choc+, Choc+/choc

Chocolate (Choc):

This is a rare recessive gene that has only been seen in some Dexter cattle. Cattle with two copies of this allele have unaffected red pigment and chocolaty brown pigment rather than black pigment.

Valid Combinations to express this phenotype: choc/choc


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